Why are paternity tests conducted?

Is there a genetic predisposition to a medical condition? Is it possible that you were raised by adoptive parents and never met them? A person’s genetic “fingerprint” is as unique as their fingerprint. After conception, it’s still there in the DNA and chromosomes. Half of your father’s DNA and half of your mother’s DNA are passed down to you in this way: It’s possible to determine who your birth father or child is through paternity testing. Once the DNA sample has been collected, analyzed, and evaluated, it is compared to yours to conclude. DNA tests and Paternity tests might be done for a variety of reasons.

Determine your child’s medical history: Your child’s DNA is a mix of yours and your partner’s. Because of this, you’ll be able to determine his medical history by examining his father’s genetic code using DNA testing. Using this information can help you avoid significant health problems or take the proper steps to limit the damage to your child’s health.

Establishing a deep emotional connection with your child: Knowing whether or not your child is yours can significantly impact your intimate bond with them. Being a parent is simpler when you know that a part of yourself is in your child.

For legal reasons: When a couple goes through a divorce, the court may order paternity testing to determine whether or not the father is entitled to support. As a result of a favorable outcome, the child is eligible for financial assistance from his father and social security payments. When requesting your relatives to become US citizens, paternity testing is necessary. Candidates seeking immigration to the United States may be required to provide a paternity test result attached to their application materials.

Know who you are: Even as adults, adopted children who have no idea about the identity of their biological parents struggle with identity issues. A paternity test might provide answers to your queries about your biological ancestry and give you a sense of security. You’ll be able to rest knowing where you came from this way.

Are there different types of paternity tests available?

There are three types of paternity tests, including:

Noninvasive Prenatal Paternity Test: A pregnant woman’s blood is drawn to analyze fetal DNA. A saliva sample from the probable non-gestational parent is then compared. This procedure can be carried out as early as six weeks. It’s close to being 100% accurate. 

Chorionic Villus Sampling: The most common reason for taking a sample of the fetus’ chorionic villus is to check its health, but the specimen can also be used to identify the child’s biological parentage. A small specimen of placental tissue is taken from the abdomen or cervix of the pregnant woman during the test, which takes place around 10 and 12 weeks of pregnancy. Cells from the possible non-gestational parent are then compared to the sample from the gestational parent. There is a slight risk of miscarriage associated with this test; thus, it should only be used to check fetal health.

Amniocentesis: Because of its intrusive nature, amniocentesis may only be used to detect paternity if it’s being carried out for another purpose, like CVS. Amniocentesis is a procedure in which a long needle is inserted into a pregnant woman’s belly to collect amniotic fluid. Samples of fluid from the pregnant and prospective non-gestational parent are compared to this fluid. It usually takes around 15 and 20 weeks to complete.

A paternity test might provide answers when the father of a child is in doubt. Your doctor can assist you in determining which testing procedure is ideal for your situation. Check to see if the laboratory that performs your blood tests is certified by the American Association of Blood Banks. Testing facilities that are AAAB-accredited for relationship (DNA) testing must adhere to high testing and accuracy criteria.