What You Need To Know Before and After Your Bone Marrow Transplant

In a bone marrow transplant, patients receive healthy cells from another person. These replacements can be done either by taking in your own stem cell or being donor-supplied and could treat cancer if it involves the immune system’s ability to produce red blood cells as well other diseases affecting this component of anatomy such as leukemia/lymphoma. The facility at BGS Gleneagles Global Hospital is well-equipped to treat all types of cancers. They also have an all-inclusive Women’s Cancer Care Center giving women a comfortable space in their battle for cancer.

Bone marrow is special, stem-cell-like cells that can make copies of them and change into the many different kinds of cells your body needs. There’s more than one kind: Hematopoietic (also called hematopoietic) stem cell which turns into blood; neural or pluripotent adult progenitor cell to generate neurons in order for your brain to function properly with an injured spinal cord injury.

Bone marrow is soft, spongy tissue in the body that contains hematopoietic stem cells. It’s found at the center of most bones and can be seen with a needle aspiration when doctors remove pieces for testing or treatment purposes 

  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells are also present within our bloodstream as well! 
  • Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. They also carry carbon dioxide to the lungs so that it can be exhaled.
  • White blood cells are part of your immune system. They fight off pathogens – viruses and bacteria that can make you sick.  
  • Platelets form clots to stop the bleeding.   

A bone marrow/stem cell transplant is a medical procedure in which healthy stem cells are transplanted into the bone marrow or blood. This restores the body’s ability to create the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets that it needs.

Donating bone marrow is a surgical procedure that requires general or regional anesthesia in order to keep the donor fully unconscious. Doctors use needles, which are inserted into their hipbones and then drained of liquid marrow while they’re still asleep-this process goes on for several hours until all blood has been replaced by aspirate from inside’s the body tissue/organs.

BSC donation, on the other hand, does not require an incision and can be performed quickly at most outpatient clinics with minimal recovery time–making it easier for donors who don’t want any scars on their bodies.

If a person is planning to donate stem cells, doctors will draw either your blood or bone marrow and turn those into a treatment for cancer. This type of donor is called an “embryonic” because these types of stem cells come from embryos during development where they help form all parts inside the body including tissues like skin! The other kind we have here today lives in our bloodstream as spinal cord-derived.

There are different types of bone marrow/stem cell transplants. The 2 main types are: 

Autologous transplant: In this type of procedure, stem cells from own body are used to treat cancer and other conditions that have damaged the immune system because it is self-specific which means there’s no risk or side effects associated with being immunologically neutered for a while.

After chemotherapy, the stem cells are returned to your body. They restore the immune system and the ability to produce blood cells as well as fight infection with this process called an AUTO transplant or Stem Cell Rescue (SCR). 

Allogenic Transplant comes from someone who has already had their own treatments like radiation therapy or even just one round of chemo in order to make them more resistant before they receive foreign ones so there isn’t any risk involved on behalf of both parties which makes it safer than if we were doing an unrelated donation where only 1 person gives while receiving nothing but still expect great results.

There are many factors that doctors consider when determining the best treatment for bone marrow cancer. These include one’s age and overall health, as well as how far along they think their condition is in terms of severity or progression rate.

 It also depends on what types has/have been diagnosed so far (elevated risk factor). A team will customize plans around this information to ensure individuals get access to everything needed at an affordable price point while still meeting all requirements necessary through insurance coverage.

Types of treatment include:

Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses medications to either kill or prevent cells from replicating. Chemotherapists often give the chemotherapy injections, but they may also administer it orally in some instances as well with great success rates including those who have gone through multiple rounds without relapses/refractures and lived much longer lives than would otherwise be expected by their original diagnoses.

Radiation therapy used in cancer care is very effective at stopping the spread of disease, but it can be painful. The oncologist may administer this type of treatment by targeting only specific parts with high-powered beams that kill any cells infected by malignant tissues so it’s not necessary to irradiate all areas affected.

A stem cell transplant may be an option for those with bone marrow cancer. The first step would involve high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy that kill any existing cells in order to prepare the patient’s body as a host before receiving IV administration from stem cells donor via infusion pump which will restore it back up again, giving new life at a regenerative level.